Answer-writing for mains.

Disclaimaire :These are not the answers i wrote in the mains.While largely the points were the same,the presentation might not be

Q.To what extent has the urban planning and culture of indus valley civilisation(IVC) provided inputs to the present day urbanization? Discuss.

Ans. History is replete with growth as well as meltdown of cities.Thus urbanisation not only include growth of towns but it also result into de-urbanized areas.Indus civilisation is one such story of urbanisation and de-urbanisation.

Urbanization and culture of not only india but also the world is influenced by IVC.The grid pattern of streets,Bricks in specific ratio,important places near citadel are some inputs. While central planning in India struggling to provide water and sanitation ,IVC provides the inspiration of the bottom-up approach.

The social and cultural places such as The Great bath (Mohenjo-daro,Chanhu-daro) has provided an input to knit the urban fabric.The world over,there is a tendency of planners to include such places to increase the interaction among population.This attempt is being done through public parks,swimming pools,museums and even schemes of public transport and car-pooling .The examples-New york Central Park,Singapore public transport,Chicago museums and London river-bank development.

IVC were peace loving people,that is why there are no evidence of weaponry.Maybe gun-culture of USA needs to take some inputs from IVC.

The specialised towns bear striking resemblance.The port cities of india like Vishakhapatnam,Mumbai on one hand and Lothal on the other.Foreign trade was and is carried through these towns with the resemblance of docks and ship building activities.

IVC dissolved in the sands of time,but harrappan people didn’t die.They moved on,maybe to other places in india.So when one roams around the grid roads of Chandigarh, one may remeber the heritage of ivc.

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