From the Philosopher’s Stone to the Big Data Analytics

There is a very old idea, found on Plato but probably older that there is an intrinsic connection between all living things on the planet, which relates to our world in much the same way as the soul is connected to the human body. In latin, the anima mundi. After Plato, Pythagoras, put effort to use mathematics an astronomy as an approach to know the anima mundi. The contemplation of the ‘divine dance of numbers’ which held both the secrets of music and of the celestial motions became the link in the mystic union between human thought and the anima mundi.

Later, the philosopher’s stone, or stone of the philosophers, was a legendary alchemical substance capable of turning base metals such as mercury into gold, it was the most sought-after goal in alchemy. The philosopher’s stone was the central symbol of the mystical terminology of alchemy, symbolizing perfection at its finest, enlightenment, and heavenly bliss. Efforts to discover the philosopher’s stone were known as the Magnum Opus.

Stone: Something from the physical word, imperfect, rotten…
Knowledge = GOLD
Philosopher’s Stone: Philosophy, thought over the world to obtain knowledge, ( nothing new… but to avoid trouble with the church it’s better to use a symbolic language. )

And Nowadays… The BIG DATA.

Big data analytics refers to the strategy of analyzing large volumes of data, or big data. This big data is gathered from a wide variety of sources, including social networks, videos, digital images, sensors, and sales transaction records. The aim in analyzing all this data is to uncover patterns and connections that might otherwise be invisible, and that might provide valuable insights about the users who created it. Through this insight, businesses may be able to gain an edge over their rivals and make superior business decisions.

That is to turn data into knowledge and gold…

The computer is the new philosophical stone and data the new mercury to be turned int gold.


Communalism And Nationalism

While reading the Bipan chandra for 4th time ,today i tried to enlarge his thought process by incorporating the present day situations of politics.

First the definition, elements,then   stages,reason  of communalism and finally the comparison with current society:

Communalism is a wider tendency to obscure the real sources of exploitation.

The elements are:

First,belief in the common interest of individuals of a same religion say-Hinduism or Islam.

The second element is belief in the divergence or dissimiliarity of interest among the individuals of different religions

The third is antagonistic sometimes hostile and violent clash of interests.

The stages are:

Consolidation of individuals of single religion.

The second stage is liberal communalism where most of the organisations in 1922 to 1937 reside.For example Hindu Mahasabha,Muslim League,Madan Mohan Malviya,Jinnah etc.

The third stage is assertion of identity in the violent and extremist forms.It maybe called as Extremist communalism.At this stage ,people from same community not only think that they have common interest but they also think that they have different rather opposite interests than other community.Thus comes the idea of different nationhood or separate nations.(the two nation theory of Jinnah,Khalistan,dalitistan etc.)

Now,Mr.Bipan chandra also talks about the reasons of growth in communalism into following heads:

Historical reasons:

whereby people get chance to show that communalism has always been there in indian society.But this is absurdly untrue.For example ,The Pabna agrarian distress whereby hindus and muslims unitedly revolted against the moneylenders and Zamindars.

Structural reasons:

That Hindu zamindars oppressed the Muslim peasants.This is also patently wrong.Because,the growth of Islam in India occured in Hindus of lower class and castes.Thus their limitations in history,capital,education paved the way for their subordination in the hierarchy.

Colonial economy:

The colonial economy suppressed the enterprize,industries because of pressure from lancashire and manchester manufacturers.Coupled with destruction of arts,crafts and self-sufficient economy,This gave rise to large scale unemployment.

The unemployment created fierce competition to the government jobs market.Here was the arena where competing groups tried to consolidate their identities and bring up the favours from colonial administration.

Policy of British india:

Now,this competition was promoted by british policy makers in terms of divide and rule policy.

The Modern World:

The modern world brought with it new ideas such as nationalism,individualism,fundamentalism and most of all the mobilization of masses on identity lines.

Here,the cherry-picking of ideas happened to mobilize public opinion.Thus cultural nationalism was used.For example hindu nationalism ,muslim nationalism,christian nationalism etc and not simply nationalism.

This trend intensified after 1937 because of elections,mobilization,and religion into politics.Previously ,Gandhi also incorporated the khilafat movement within the non-co-operation fold and some commentators blame him for religiofication of politics.


The British indian government tried to take support of reactionary classes in india.(E.g. The new zamindari class given birth by permanent settlement of 1793 ,was seen as a “Breakwater “in 1857 revolt,who smothened the effects of revolt) In 20th century,the viceroy encouraged formation of muslim league in 1906,recognition of separate electorate from Morley-Minto reforms of 1009,representation of communal interests in round-table conference,and the communal award in 1932.

So in short,there is backward section(the zamindars,communalists),a progressive section(national movement,gandhi,bhagat singh ,bose) and a villain(british government)

The contemporary applications:

Now lets try to find out the contemporary india.And i shall declare that all the following will be the inquiry of solely mine and not Mr.Bipan Chandra.

Currently,a large section of india resides in villages ,most of them are landless unfortunately women and dalits.

Then there are reactionary elements for example landlords ,people with huge hereditary property and not earned from their own incomes.This reactionary segment is quite huge which is all encompassing ,omnipotent and earning the benefits of current degraded ,corrupt,system.The empirical study by C.P.Bhrambri analysed  the data of IAS officers and their class origins which is disproportionately from the upper-middle class,with conservative ideologies.

Similarly,the startup survey shows the monopoly of certain groups (what Alfred Pareto would call as elites or what C.Wright Mills would call as Power elites.)

This is section of populace which has resources for education,higher education and upliftment of social status through the hereditary economic capital.

This section can also be narrowed down to Urban and rural segments ,caste,place of birth ,sex ,gender ,state,and the polity at large.

Now,the reality is amazingly complex.Eg. a lower caste person from urban region will get more opportunity and resources than an upper caste person from rural villages because of sheer demonstration effect as well as resource base.

But the truth is,there is power elite,a segment of population which is getting the benefits without the equal or even greater efforts by the other section.

Who wins by stalling the Land bill? 

Now,This elite depends upon the land ,property and resources.If the Industrialisation grows,the women and dalits only will be the winner and not the feudal tendencies .The present government tried to pass the Land acquisition bill.But can you guess who opposed  the bill?Yeah whoever opposed must be the the feudal and  reactionary elements in the society.

Who wins by stalling the labour reforms,banking reforms and and PSU reforms?

Now the labor issue.The trade unionism has grown but only in the formal sector .There is no organisation in informal sectors for example the domestic workers sex workers and contract labor.

Now,the current labor organisations such as Banks ,PSU workers all belong to the organised sector employees.These are the reactionary elements of current society.

Every democratic government wants to increase the employment rate.It also wants welfare spending,food security of citizens and health,education.

Now,we are seeing the informalization of work-force precisely because businesses do not want to employ labour to save themselves from the inspector raj and the multiplicity of complex labour laws.

So here,the cake needs to be made bigger to give bigger share to the people.If we make the laws more archaic then the investments and in turn the the cake will shrink.That is why the leftism and socialism is also called as ideology of distribution of poverty.And that is why the Kanhaiyya kumar,the entire leftism,and socialism is wrong-as seen from the socialistic implementation untill 1991 of our economy.

So,here also the same reactionary elements are the orthodox class of india.

Who wins by stalling the GST bill?

The previous government had wholesome support to the GST bill.But why stalling now?

The winner is the entrenched vested interests who get the benefits of the present system.Such as bureaucracy and Traders.Traders because they have found the way out of the current system by bribing the bureaucracy.

If GST is done,these class will see rising competition and in turn war on their own interests.

Here also the same reactionary class is the antagonizing one.

Why communalism will grow?

Finally,these reactionary elements are converged into the force which opposes every move towards modernization.Surprizingly ,as bipan chandra had observed in beginningg of 20th century is being repeated now.As it is said the history repeats itself.

But the problem is currently the veil of opaqueness is thicker than that in the 20th century.


Just as 1929 economic depression gave unemployment and intense competition,the crisis of 2008 ,agrarian distress and Jobless Growth is showing the fault-lines among the society.(for example,dalit atrocities,protests for inclusion into reservation etc.)

The polarization is higher,secularists have become reactionaries and backward forces have become the progressive ones.

I say this because,the continued support of feudal forces are earned by those who champion the causes of dalit atrocities and muslim polarization.A spectre of obscurantic world is being propagated which blurs the reality through the arguments and counter-arguments,blames games and one-upmanship.

This Modernization,Scientific temper added with enlightened citizenry coupled with civic republicanship requires huge efforts on our part.We maybe a clog in the wheel we can do it and we will do it.Robert Frost aptly describes our plight.

The woods are lovely,dark and deep,

I have promises to keep,

And miles to go before i sleep.

Miles to go before i sleep!

Continue reading

Brave new world.

From today onwards i would brainstorm and would try to give some of the out of box solutions to the worldly problems.Sometimes i will infuse the great thinkers,some philosophers,some leaders and some common people.

21st February 2016.

Consider drought!

A girl in a drought-prone village of maharashtra did suicide because she could not manage rupees 260 for her monthly pass of travel to the school.

What if Gandhi was here,who told people to fast.Maybe the poor cant do fast as they already are perpetually fasting.But if the panchayat leader inspired the rich and the zamindars to fast for the national development.They can atleast donate 2 to 4 chapatis for the poors which then can be distributed .What if we use MGNREGA for distributing these chapatis.And in reciprocity,these poors can in turn help make some value addition work.For example they can make quilt or godhadi which then can be even exported.Or they can make crafts which can be monetized.More supply will lessen the prices of these crafts which are above the middle class income in india.But this can revolutionize the rural economy.

But lets be realistic,why would rich do fast and donate chapati for some invisible compassion?Then we can do a system of badges or compassion meter on the wall of panchayat or the temple.More generous the rich is higher shall be his status on this metre.

This also needs to include the names of the girls and women who make chapatis.Seeing their names on this patriarchal society’s highest institution of perpetuating patriarchy will be an achievement.

We live in a society of obesity as well as malnutrition.

Twitter and facebook has the monetization features.More the members,more the posts,more shall be the advertisement  and bigger will be the revenue.

What if we make our own social networking site,which makes the movement of people to generate high quality content and in addition ,this networking site can donate one chapati for each post which receives more than threshold say  1000 or say 10000 likes.


But this donation of chapati will not be free,poor will have to work or make godhali/quilt/craft/ or provide an idea which can then be made a prototype  of by the rural and social entrepreneurs.The contribution of chapatis by the rich shall be the shareholder in this prototype.Generating wealth for all.


One chapati can change the lives.One Gandhi can still teach us how to improve.

Fianacial inclusion

Why financial inclusion?

  1. NSSO: 52% households in debt:


TN 80%



    1. Dependence on informal lenders
    2. Acc to census 70% indians live in rural areas and 40% bank branches in rural areas Thus the role of BC is large.(BC have not took off because less monetary incentives lead to absentee business correspondents,trust deficit among people leading to dormancy in accounts)

    1. DBTwill decrease the dormant accounts

PMJDY vs IRDP,Corruption made the cattle bought on paper dead .

Thus PMJDY is a silent revolution bcoz it is better designed with JAM trinity,linked with pension plans,dbt,aadhaar,ENTITLEMENTS

Wiping every tear from every eye

Tagline: Mera khata,Bhagya vidhata

Next step MUDRA BANK

  1. Gives loans to entrepreneurs
  2. Will act as a regulator to MFI’s
  3. Loans : Shishu(upto 50k),Kishor(50k-5lakh),Tarun(5lakh-10lakh)

Answer-writing for mains.

Disclaimaire :These are not the answers i wrote in the mains.While largely the points were the same,the presentation might not be

Q.To what extent has the urban planning and culture of indus valley civilisation(IVC) provided inputs to the present day urbanization? Discuss.

Ans. History is replete with growth as well as meltdown of cities.Thus urbanisation not only include growth of towns but it also result into de-urbanized areas.Indus civilisation is one such story of urbanisation and de-urbanisation.

Urbanization and culture of not only india but also the world is influenced by IVC.The grid pattern of streets,Bricks in specific ratio,important places near citadel are some inputs. While central planning in India struggling to provide water and sanitation ,IVC provides the inspiration of the bottom-up approach.

The social and cultural places such as The Great bath (Mohenjo-daro,Chanhu-daro) has provided an input to knit the urban fabric.The world over,there is a tendency of planners to include such places to increase the interaction among population.This attempt is being done through public parks,swimming pools,museums and even schemes of public transport and car-pooling .The examples-New york Central Park,Singapore public transport,Chicago museums and London river-bank development.

IVC were peace loving people,that is why there are no evidence of weaponry.Maybe gun-culture of USA needs to take some inputs from IVC.

The specialised towns bear striking resemblance.The port cities of india like Vishakhapatnam,Mumbai on one hand and Lothal on the other.Foreign trade was and is carried through these towns with the resemblance of docks and ship building activities.

IVC dissolved in the sands of time,but harrappan people didn’t die.They moved on,maybe to other places in india.So when one roams around the grid roads of Chandigarh, one may remeber the heritage of ivc.

Booklist for political science and international relations


-Political Ideologies – Andrew Heywood
-Political Theory – An Introduction – Rajeev Bhargava&Ashok Acharya
-Political Theory – Andrew heywood
-A History of Political Thought Plato to Marx – Subrata Mukherjee&Sushila Ramaswamy
-David Miller – The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Political Thought
-History of Political Theory – George Holland Sabine
-Modern Indian Political Thought – Text and Context – Bidyut Chakrabarty, Rajendra Kumar Pandey
-On Politics – A History of Political Thought – From Herodotus to the Present – Alan Ryan
-Oxford Concise Dictionary of Politics
-Oxford Handbook of Political theory
-Oxford Dictionary of Political Biography


-India and the Dynamics of World Politics – Reetika Sharma, Ramvir Goria, Vivek Mishra
-Pax Indica – Shashi Tharoor
-Does the Elephant Dance – Contemporary Indian Foreign Policy – David M. Malone
-International Relations – Joshua S. Goldstein&Jon C. Pevehouse
-International Relations and World Politics – Paul R. Viotti&Mark V. Kauppi
-Introduction to International Relations – Theories and Approaches – Robert -Jackson&Georg Sørensen
-Comparative Government and Politics – Rod Hague&Martin Harrop
-Global Politics – Andrew Heywood
-Introducing Comparative Politics – Concepts and Cases in Context – Carol Ann -Drogus&Stephen Orvis
-Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics
-Oxford handbook of International Relations

-IGNOU – B.A. Political Science
-IGNOU – M.A. Political Science